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Feather River Bulletin
Quincy, California
January 14, 2015     Feather River Bulletin
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January 14, 2015

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Bulletin, Record, Progressive, Reporter Wednesday, Jan. 14, 2015 5B Parts of the EMS Symbol - "The Star of Life" At center, The Rod of Asclepius - ancient Greek symbol of healing 1 - Early OoteoUon e- Transfer to 2 - Early Reporting Definitive Care 5- Care In Transit 3 - Early Response 4 - On Sme Care The star of life symbol is used nationally and often internationally to identify trained personnel, equipment and facilities in the modern prehospital emergency medical care system. Image by Tom Forster Students from many local fire departments and other organizations mark their recent completion of an emergency medical technician class offered through Feather River College and taught by Chief Ed Ward (also a paramedic) at Graeagle Fire Protection District. Photo by Tom Forster Modern emergency medical services born from 1966 report INSIDE THE FIREHOUSE TOM FORSTER Assistant Fire Chief Plumas Eureka Fire Department prevention and management of accidental injuries were made, including the standardization of emergency training for "rescue squad personnel, policemen, firemen and ambulance attendants." This led to the first nationally recognized and standardized curriculum for EMS, Emergency Medical Technician -- Ambulance (EMT-A), published in 1969. Ever since, a greatly improved EMS system evolved, seeking to support survival through a chain of actions that starts hopefully with prevention and safety programs, but may end up with care in a hospital emergency room. In between, the blue-and-white six-pointed EMS symbol called "the star of life" best illustrates the ideal components. It was originally designed by the U.S. National Highway In our last column we described the roots of fire service involvement in providing emergency medical services in the field, also known as the "prehospital setting." While the fire service is one of many organizations that provide emergency medical care, this column seeks to help you understand your local fire department, EMS incidents usually rank as the largest component of fire department responses each year. Nationally, many consider the publication of the National Academy of Sciences report in 1966 titled "Accidental Death and Disability: The Neglected Disease of Modern Society" to be the beginning of what has become modern EMS. The report identified accidental injuries as "... the leading cause of death in the first half of life's span," revealed .that in 1965 alone, more Americans died in automobile accidents than died in the entire Korean War. What became known as "the white paper" indicated that, outside of the hospital setting, "if seriously wounded ... chances of survival would be better in the zone of combat than on the average city street." The lack of regulations or standards for When you need a tax professional... Meet the April 15th deadline and make an appointment today. ambulance operations and Traffic Safety provider training was cited as Administration. Traditionally one of the main reasons for the logo is used as a stamp of that reality. Several identification for ambulances, recommendations for the paramedics and other Court strikes down law requiring DNA collection between each state's DNA collection laws. The Electronic Privacy Information Center has participated as amicus in several cases concerning the collection of DNA. In Maryland v. King, EPIC argued that the government collection of DNA opens the door to misuse and threatens personal privacy. EPIC is an independent nonprofit research center in Washington, D.C. EPIC works to protect privacy, freedom of expression and democratic values, and to promote the public voice in decisions concerning the future of the Internet. EPIC maintains two popular privacy websites: and 1 CLICK AWAY A state appeals court in California has struck down a state law that requires collection of DNA from people arrested on felony charges. The California court ruled that DNA collection by a cheek swab is an unreasonable search and seizure prohibited by the state's Constitution. "The California DNA Act intrudes too quickly and too deeply into the privacy interests of arrestees," wrote the court. The appeals court also said that the U.S. Supreme Court's ruling in Maryland v. King, which upheld a similar law in Maryland, did not apply in this case because of significant differences 81 .ou,,a,so.n ] I up-to-the-minute forecast and road conditions. personnel, such as E]refighters trained in EMS. See the illustration accompanying this article for the six parts of EMS. Local fire deparments are usually involved in parts three (early response) and four (on-scene care), and sometimes in parts five (care in transit) and six (transfer to definitive care). The licensing of EMS personnel and services occurs at the state and, for some certifications, the local level. Each state can add or subtract levels as offmials see fit for their needs. The federal government identifies a model scope of practice, including minimum skills for emergency medical responders, emergency medical technicians, advanced EMTs and paramedics. In California, there are generally five levels of certification: EMRs, with a minimum of 40 hours of training; EMTs, with a minimum of 120 hours of training, including some clinical time; advanced EMTs, with a minimum of 88 more hours of training; paramedics, with an average of 1,100 hours of training, including much clinical time; and mobile intensive care nurses, or registered nurses who have completed additional training in prehospital care and often serve in critical care roles such as air transport. Not all counties offer or support all of these levels of certification. While states are able to set their own additional requirements for state certification, a quasi-national certification group exists in the National Registry of Emergency Medical Technicians. The NREMT offers nationalcertification based on the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration National Standard Curriculum for the levels of EMR, EMT, advanced EMT and paramedic. There have been many people who have made contributions to the growth of modern EMS in Plumas County. In Part III of this series, we'll look more closely at some of the early key players and groups, including identifying the first paramedic and the first mobile intensive care nurse to serve full time here. '='Sll00[SS-rltE[ II0n', wail; unl;i' l;he ,asl; minul;e, I  CALL , TODAY. = Taxpreparation for " . I! I Corporation individuals, corporations,  . I! I l] Phone: 530-414-0573 /-- I/-- !! I cPA,- The CPA. Never Underestimate he Value. il -- .... 11 1 3o? w. Main St., Quincy. 283 0680 ii:  I and Graeagle 836-0193 A9597t Portola, CA 96122 "&q P" I MAy Ch, EA, @A fox od I.u,o Services  Lori Morrell Lomas, E.A. ' " ' CA Ins. License #OBO6912 kh. Curtis C. 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