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Feather River Bulletin
Quincy, California
March 14, 2012     Feather River Bulletin
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March 14, 2012

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Bulletin, Record, Progressive. Reporter Wednesday, March 14, 2012 1B J What you need to kn, )w about toothpaste .i HERE'S TO YOUR HEALTH AURA WHITTAKER In faded black ink made of soot and gum arabic mixed with water, an ancient Egypt- ian scribe carefully de- scribed what he called a pow- der for white and perfect teeth. The document said that when mixed with saliva inthe mouth, the ingredients form a cleaning paste. According to another docu- ment, written in the fourth century A.D., the ingredients needed for the perfect smlle are one drachma of rock salt (a drachma is a measure equal to one hundredth of an ounce), two drachmas of mint,'one drachma of dried iris flower and 20 grains of pepper, all of them crushed and mixed together. In the 19th century, char- coal became very popular for teeth cleaning purposes. Most toothpaste at this time was in the form of powder and the purpose was not only to clean the teeth, but also to give fresh breath.Strawber- ries were and still are consid- ered to be a natural solution for preventing tartar, whitening teeth and giving fresh breath. In the 20th century, liquid cleansers (or rinses) and pastes became more popular, and often contained chloro- phyll for a fresh green color. In 1915 leaves from certain trees in South East Asia (known today as eucalyptus) were commonly used in mouthwash formulas. . Prior to World War II, toothpaste was packaged in small lead or tin alloy tubes. The inside of the tube was coated with wax; however, it was discovered that lead from the tubes leached into the product. It was the short- age of lead and tin during the Second World War that led to the use of laminated (alu- minum, paper and plastic combination) tubes. At the end of the 20th century pure plastic tubes were used. So, what's in the tooth- paste of today? While the ex- act formula of each brand of toothpaste is proprietary, most toothpaste contains the same basic ingredients: --Fluoride, in the form of sodium monofluorophos- phate, stannous fluoride or sodium fluoride, helps pr- verit cavities. --Coloring agents give toothpaste a pleasing color. Artificial dyes are used to make red, green and blue toothpastes, and titanium dioxide is used to make some toothpaste white. --Flavoring: You may have noticed toothpaste often has' very strong flavoring in or- der to cover up the bad taste of most detergents. --Foaming agents and de- tergents, such as sodium lau- ryl sulfate, which have been linked to canker sores/mouth ulcers in sus- ceptible individuals. --Abrasives, including calcium phosphates, Have you ever wondered where toothpaste came from? Ever thought about what people used before toothpaste was invented? Have you ever wondered exactly how it helps your teeth? I'll try to satisfy your curiosity. According to one website, Americans brush their teeth nearly 200 billion times a year and spend more than $1.6 billion doing so. Tooth- paste works with tooth brushing to clean teeth and fight plaque bacteria buildup. More specifically, toothpaste contains abra- sives that physically scrub away plaque. In addition, the abrasives help remove food stains and polish the sur- faces. Toothpaste also delivers fluoride to the teeth. Appar- ently fluoride incorporates itself into tooth enamel weak- ened by acid attack, making your teeth more resistant to future acid attack from plaque bacteria and food. This is considered the most important function of tooth- paste, and is supposedly re- sponsible for the dramatic re- duction of cavities in today's. society. The activity of keeping the mouth clean has been around a very long time. Similarly, toothpaste, in varying forms, came into popularity soon af- ter toothbrushes. The world's oldest-known formula for toothpaste, used more than 1,500 years before the first marketed commercial brand in 1873, is said to have been discovered on a piece of dusty papyrus in the base- ment of a Viennese museum. Bill would help preserve ag land Nita Vail, "Having the sup- port from both sides of con- gressional aisle hits home the importance of what land trusts do to protect our natur- al resources and open crucial," said Vail. "As bud- get constraints continue, hav- ing another tool for landown- ers to receive benefits for pre- serving their land will be es- sential in protecting Ameri- alumina, calcium carbonate and silica. --Thickeners, such as car- rageenan, cellulose gum and xanthan gum. --Preservatives, including sodium benzoate, methyl paraben and ethyl paraben, which prevent the growth of bacteria (parabens have been linked to certain forms of cancer). -Humectants, such as glycerin, sorbitol and water, which give texture and pre- vent the paste from harden- ing. ' --Sweeteners, most of which are artificial and con- tribute very little to cavity formation, used to improve the taste of toothpaste. Herbal toothpastes have gained popularity for people looking for natui'al paste, and for those who don't want fluo- ride in their dental.cleansers. Some herbal toothpaste con- tains peppermint oil, myrrh, plant extracts (for flavor and color) and cleansing agents. Note that these natural ingre- dients are similar to those used in the toothpastes in the early 19th century. Recent trends point toward more toothpaste formulas that whiten and brighten teeth, are canker sore friend- ly and give the user an ulti- mate brushing and rinsing experience. However, some of us are not convinced all those ingredients are actual- ly necessary to keep teeth healthy. According to Dr. Gerard F. Judd, research chemist and author of "Good Teeth Birth to Death," written in 1997, fluoride is a nerve poison previously used to kill rats and it should never have been added to our toothpaste or water. He claims it "dou- bles the decay rate of Ameri- can teeth from 0.35 to 0.70 tooth per year by destroying the enzyme which allows flexible enamel to form." Judd advocates brushing your teeth with pure bar soap. He Says "teeth which are cleaned and rinsed by bar soap are far cleaner than those cleaned with toothpaste which includes sugar, acid, chalk, silicates (sand), soap, fluoride, methyl benzoate, dyes, stabilizers, mixing agents and other contaminating chemicals. These badly cont- aminate the teeth and pre- vent-good enamelization." Accor.ding to Judd, natural bar soap is free of impurities, cheap and superior for brushing. He also makes simple common sense recommendations for healthy teeth including tak-. ing generous quantities of : vitamins and minerals, avoiding all fluoride prod- ucts and flossing regularly. While brushing your teeth with bar soap may be too big of a leap for you, at least re- search the effects of fluoride and other chemicals in tooth- paste so you can make an in- formed decision about the health of your teeth. Aura Whittaker has a Bache- lor of Science degree in kinesi- ology. She has more than 15 years experience in nutri- tional consulting and person- al training. Email her at, or send mail to Lassen County Times, 100 Grand Ave., Susanville, CA 96/30. Legislation that gives con- siderable tax incentives to landowners who donate a con- servation easement on their land has been introduced in Congress with bipartisan sup- lort..The b.H_l..H...lfi, _h..a.s._ reached 300 co-sponsors and a signatures of co-sponsors from both Democratic and Re, publican majorities. The bill puts in place a more permanent version of a recently expired tax incentive that gives landowners tax re- lief for protecting their prop- erty by donating a conserva- tion easement. "It is encouraging to see po- litical parties come together in effort to preserve agricul- ture land and open spaces," said California Rangeland Trust Chief Executive Officer Survey examines transportation J The California Department can make decisions that will including where and when of Transportation (Caltrans), lead to a better place to call they travel and how they get along with other state agen- home." to and from their destinations. cies, is conducting a survey The comprehensive survey Approximately 57,000 house- of California residents' tray- is a Partnership among Cal- holds around the state are ex- el behavior. The California trans, the California Air Re- pected to complete the survey. Household Travel survey sources Board, the California In addition, a small sample of will help transportation Energy Commission and local households who choose to par- planners ensure improved transportation planning agen- ticipate will be provided with access to jobs, air quality, cies and is intended to inform a global positioning systems and quality of life in each re- decision-makers on ways to (GPS) or on=board diagnostic gionofthe state, improve the travel options devices to record their vehicle "We need to look ahead available to Californians. movements. to a time when California Efforts are already under All Californians who are will add millions of new rest- way to contact a random sam-, contacted are urged to partic- dents and vehicles to our ple of households to partici- ipate. Thesurvey willcontin- state transportation s,stem," pate, and after an initial uethrough February 2013. said Acting Caltrans Direc- household interview,.respon- For additional informa- tot Malcolm Dougherty. dents receive diaries and are tion, visit californiatravel "Based on this research, we asked trip-related questions spa.cs,," .................................... ca:s..arking landscapes and ........ Californfa Rangeland Trtlst,, .agricultural heritage into the works to protect the range- tl].uv,...--,:, lands of California and to pre- Rangeiand and working ranches in particular provide Valuable resources such as clean air and water for not on- ly rural areas but firban as well. Protecting rangeland en- sures more than clean air and water, It also provides sanctu- ary and habitat for Califor- nia's diverse wildlife and 95 percent Of California's endan- gered and threatened species such as the San Joaquin kit fox, Swainson's hawk and tiger salamander. OB FAZRS serve the heritage of the Cali- fornia rancher. Through vol- untary conservation case- ments, Rangeland Trust works with ranchers to re- lieve pressures of develop- ment and to ensure the land will remain a working ranch in perpetuity for future gener- ations. "Having a significant tax incentive in place for landowners who donate a conservation easement is Celebrate WOMEN'S HISTORY MONTH Wednesday, March 21 - 11:30am to 1 :oopm Mineral Building- Plumas-Sierra Fairgrounds, Quincy Featured speaker: Trina Cunningham Trina is a Mountain Maidu with deep family roots in what is now called Indian Valley, Plumas County. She wil share a glimpse of her family, generations of women -- including herself -- practicing a beloved culture sometimes at odds with other cultures surrounding it. She will speak to the value of culture for everyone and what is motivating her to move beyond her comfort zone and resume her education. Her life, her culture and her community of place are in tran- sition; role models and leaders are in critical demand. She is a woman of grace and insight; this presentation will touch you at many levels. Photo courtesy of Feather River Land Trust Lunch will feature apricot-glazed chicken, wild rice pilaf, fresh green and fruit Salads, bread with whipped honey butter and sweet somethings for dessert. Tickets are $20; reservations are required by no later than March 16 as this event almost always sells out early. Tickets are available from the Plumas County Museum (283-6320): Call 283-7850 with any special needs. USDA This event is sponsored by the Plumas National Forest in partnership With the Plumas County Museum. Produced in cooperation with the USDA Forest Service, which is an equal opportunity service provider and employer.