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April 22, 2015     Feather River Bulletin
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April 22, 2015
 

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6B Wednesday, April 22, 2015 Bulletin, Record, Progressive, Reporter Resist the temptation to I Vitamins can't replace real plant when it's still freezing00ood in sustaining health Matcr Gardcrcr H GARDENING WITH ALTH'UDE PAUL MROWCZYNSKI cups to peat pellets. The second size will be 8- to 16-ounce plastic containers for when the plants germinate and true leaves form. If you are growing tomatoes and won't plant, them out for 10 weeks, you'll need a third set of 2- to 4-quart containers. Buy soilless medium (see recipes at the end of the article) or 1.5-inch peat pellets (sphagnum peat moss). If diseases, algae or damping off have been a problem in the past, clean containers by soaking in 9 , parts water and 1 part bleach for at least 30 minutes. To use the push-up method, drill three holes in the bottom of each container to facilitate drainage. Place round cover in bottom of containers to facilitate extraction. Soak soilless medium in tub of warm water for 1 hour. Planting Plant seeds to a depth two - four times the diameter of the seed six to 10 weeks before the last frost date in soilless medium or sterilized seed starting mix. Garden soil may harbor diseases that will kill seedlings. For most seeds, cover container with plastic and then with cloth to block out light. Place container in warm spot (heating mat, in-floor heating or near stove). Check daily to identify when seeds germinate. When seeds ge.rminate, immediately take off the covers and let them breathe. Place plants 2 inches from light source or on a sunny windowsill. Keep under the lights for 16 hours/day. Water to keep moist but not wet. Fertilize regularly if using a soilless medium. Use a small fan on low to keep air # The itch to plant was tough to resist during March. The fu'st week in April reminded us winter wasn't gone and planting in Plumas County remained primarily an indoor activity. Local frost dates should govern outdoor planting. The possibility of frost occurring after spring dates and before fall dates is 50 percent. The extent of frost damage varies with the temperature. A light freeze (29- 32 degrees Fahrenheit) will kill tender plants with little destructive effect on other vegetation. A moderate freeze (25 - 28 degrees F) is destructive on most vegetation with heavy damage to fruit blossoms, as well as tender and semihardy plants. A severe freeze (24 degrees F and colder) damages most plants. One way to minimize damage to outdoor seedlings and plants is to cover them. Woven materials like Agribon or floating row cover can provide 4 - 8 degrees of protection depending on thickness of weave. The thicker the weave, the less light transmitted through the fabric. The thinnest row cover provides 85 percent light penetration. The thickest, only 50 percent. Because' plants need as much natural light as possible, roll back heavier fabric during the day to provide adequate light. While waiting for the last frost date of spring, there is plenty of inside work to do. Unless you are covering with fabric or developing a hoop house with greenhouse grade plastic (6-mil thickness or greater and resistant to solar breakdown), plan backward from that last spring frost date. Start plants indoors six - 10 weeks before planting in the garden for a homegrown start to a plentiful garden. eg sted, Collect contamers, including flats, boxes lined with heavy-duty aluminum foil, clear plastic covers and tubs to soak your soilless medium. You'll need at least two different size containers. The first size can range from plastic six-packs to 4-ounce Anderlini & McSweeney LLP Terry Anderlini is a Northern Califomia Super Lawyer, a Martindale-Hubbell AV rated attorney and Past President of the State Bar of California. We specialize in litigation including wild fire litigation, serious personal injury, cider abuse, and will & trust litigation cases. Local References Call 650-212-0001 and ask for Terry Anderlini or Chris Andersen tanderlini@amlawffice'cm candersen@amlawoffice.com Unbelievably low maintenance lawn Tired of mowing @ andfeedingyour@ lawn all the time? Tired of watering all the time? Liberty Lawn has the answer. 2015 Planting Speciak 10 off/sq.ft. Save up to 50%* *when cou pied with our Street Deal (see our website for details) Liberty Lawn Service www.libertylawnservice.net Join the Liberty Revolution/ moving (toughens seedlings up and reduces disease). Push up When plants show their true leaves (second set) and the planting medium is dry, transplant to 4- to 6-inch containers with three drainage holes and a plastic or tin disc covering the holes. Sink the plant to the top set of leaves. When plants are 4 inches high and the planting medium is dry, transplant to 8-inch containers with three drainage holes and a disc covering the holes. Use chopsticks to push the bottom disc gently upward. Again, sink plant so that only the top set of leaves are above soil. Harden off plants by gradually exposing them to the outdoors. Start with four hours in a shaded area; at two-day intervals expose plants to longer periods of time, partial sun and light breezes. For tomatoes, plant them in the garden with only the top two sets of leaves above the soil. This works for tomatoes, hot peppers, broccoli, cauliflower, cabbage and, to a lesser degree, cucumbers and squash. The last two have very delicate roots and transplanting can easily damage them. Most authors recommend direct seeding for cucurbits. Soilless planting media I part sand (sterilized) + 1 part vermiculite or perlite + 1 part peat moss. Or 1 part vermiculite + 1 part peat moss with fertilizer. Or 4 quarts peat moss + 4 quarts vermiculite + 1 tbsp superphosphate + 2 tbsp ground limestone. For more information, visit: organicgardening.com, groworganic.com/organic- gardening/articles/seed- starting-lOl-easy-steps4o-seed- germination or plantmaps.com/interactive- california-first-frost-date-map. php. The University of California Master Gardener Program provides the public with UC research-based information about home horticulture, sustainable landscape and pest management practices. Administered by local University of California Cooperative Extension county offwes, the Master Gardener Program is the principal outreach and public service arm of the university's division of agriculture and natural resources. For advice on plant problems, call the UCCE Plumas-Sierra Master Gardeners at 283-6572. If anything was established by the escalating story started in February when the New York attorney general's office cited four major retailers for selling fraudulent and potentially dangerous herbal supplements, it is that a big question mark is now attached to the quality control standards applied to all the estimated 85,000 dietary supplement products available in this country. This is a good thing and way overdue. It reminds us all of the need for making informed choices in supplementing our diet. But there is an even more important turn this story needs to take to be fully told. At some point, we must dig deeper and look at the way we view vitamins in general and why we rely so heavily on vitamin supplements, the sale of which accounted for an estimated $11.4 billion of business in 2014, according to Advertising Age magazine. When we think of vitamins, we generally recognize them for what they essentially are a collection of organic substances found in natural foodstuffs needed for normal metabolism. When we don't get enough of them in our diet, we become susceptible to deficiency diseases and other health hazards. Discovered a mere century ago, vitamins were a breakthrough in nutritional science. They soon became a therapy for the cure and treatment of diseases. As pointed out by Catherine Price, science writer and author of "Vitamania: Our Obsessive Quest for Nutritional Perfection," it wasn't long before they spread from the labs to the offices of food .... marketers, where they took on a life of their own not as vitamins found in the food we eat but as synthetic additives to processed food. Most of the vitamins in American diets are acquired in this way -- as synthetic additions "fortifying" everything from breakfast cereal to canned products to the milk we drink. It is why most Americans never experience or see the consequences of serious vitamin deficiency. It is also why a growing chorus of experts is saying we should stop wasting money on vitamin and mineral supplements. Unbeknownst to us, the American diet has R . C-FORCE HEALTH AND FITNESS CHUCK NORRIS info@creators.com become dependent on these synthetic additives, most manufactured in China, to keep us safe from the dangers of vitamin deficiencies. Without these additives, much of the food consumed today would be devoid of nutritional value. For this benefit, we are paying a great cost. The eating habits that fortified, highly processed foods encourage are having disastrous consequences on our nation's health. More and more, the infusion of these synthetic vitamins is seen as nothing more than a siren song to sell us unhealthful products. "To be successful in today's market, food manufacturers must create products that can be easily transported over long distances and stored for extended periods," Price notes in a recent opinion piece for The New York Times. "They also need to be sure that their products offer some nutritional value so that customers don't have to go elsewhere to meet their vitamin needs. But the very processing that's necessary to create long shelf lives destroys vitamins, among other important nutrients. It's nearly impossible to create foods that can sit for months in a supermarket that are also naturally vitamin-rich." Even after more than a century of research, exactly how vitamins work in our bodies is not fully understood. What is known is that natural foods contain additional, potentially protective substances that are lost in processing and not generally replaced. It's easy to view adding back synthetic versions of lost vitamins and discarding the rest as a gesture driven more by marketing than by providing maximized benefits to customers. Meanwhile, evidence of enhanced benefits of products in their natural form continues to grow. A 2011 study on broccoli found that providing subjects with fresh broccoli florets led them to absorb and metabolize seven times more of the anti-cancer compounds present in both broccoli and other cruciferous vegetables than they did when taking the compounds in capsule form. The researchers hypothesized that this was because whole broccoli contains other compounds that help people's bodies put the anti-cancer chemicals to use, Price notes in her book. It's always better to eat products as they are found, in nature rather than in capsule form. Until we can create ehough of a cultural shift to make healthful food readily available and affordable to all, lots of us will be forced to continue to supplement with the best natural products we can find to ensure we are getting all that we need to protect our health. In this pursuit, it's recommended that people focus on specific deficiencies and needs identified by a doctor or specialist rather than on a pill designed to meet multiple needs. It is estimated that farmers, who once received nearly 50 cents of every food dollar, now get about 17 cents. The rest is taken up by processors, packagers and marketers of overprocessed food, which is often labeled as "enriched," "fortified" or "low-fat," a term now synonymous with "lots more sugar." For years, the food industry has conditioned us to believe labeling trumpeting such claims and put us into a mental state of accepting a wide array of proclaimed health benefits as we talk ourselves into eating food that is bad for us. And this is the bigger crime. It's not just a case of some herbal supplement manufacturers and their bogus products. It is also true that as this new version of the "truth in advertising" struggle moves forward, we shouldn't rely on corporate benevolence or the government in setting things straight or providing the protection we deserve. When it comes to eating habits and what we choose to put in our bodies, the power to change it for the better, as always, resides with you and me. Write to Chuck Norris (info@creators.corn) with questions about health and fitness. Copyright 2015 Chuck Norris Distributed by creators.com TREATED UNFAIRLY AT WORK? Call us for a Free Case Review (877) 594-2015 No fees or costs unless $ recovery www.thejoblawyers.com @TH taw o OFF!C MARK YA.gLONO |CH Serving all of California 877-594-2015 Advertisement ff- .... 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