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Feather River Bulletin
Quincy, California
June 6, 2012     Feather River Bulletin
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June 6, 2012

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Bulletin, Record, Progressive, Reporter Wednesday, June 6, 2012 7B t00eT"00'nT00i,als support a r,00?rmacultu"E00 fc,,),:l fo,'E'st" COMMUNITY GREEN PAMELA NOEL I come up the Canyon, passing the Greenville Wye on my way to Quincy. Round. ing the last corner, I descend into American Valley, the view of the courthouse telling me that I'm home. Driving up my street I turn into the driveway, my tires crunching on the gravel. As I climb out of my car I head into the garden to see what spring is producing. Pulling a few weeds grounds me, so that I feel like I have truly arrived. There is something about sinking my hands into the soil that refreshes. It's as ff the stress of the day -- in my case, travel weariness-- has a direct exit route from my body to the earth. Continuing to reacquaint myself with the newness of my garden, I see peonies hint- ing at blooming. Strawber- ries are beginning to trans- form from blossom to berry. Rhubarb is a riotous profu- sion of leaves and stalks. Chives are a beautiful blend of green and purple. Thyme, oregano and mint reappear from the year before. I am grateful for a perennial gar- den. I fred that perennials are my garden's sustaining gift. An advocate of permaculture, I plant more of them, as they require less reinvention each year. They become the basis of a permaculture "food forest." Mimicking nature, a food forest is planned to keep nat- ural functions and rhythms in mind. A food forest con- tains a variety of what is known as garden guilds. These guilds are a grouping of plants that harmoniously support one another, both benefiting humans and pro- viding habitat for insects, birds and animals. A simple example of a guild is a "Three Sisters" guild. This Native American combi- nation is a trio of corn, beans and squash. In this simple guild each plant supports and helps the others. The corn- stalks provide corn and a trellis for the beans to climb. The beans pull nitrogen, converting it for use to boost growth in the corn and squash. The squash shades the soil, keeping it moist, while also keeping weeds at bay. The Three Sisters guild will produce more food than if these crops were planted separate from one another. My garden guilds are built around fruit trees. In my case I have planted apples, peaches, pears and plums. Each tree has its own understory, supporting the trees. Sweet peas, columbine, garlic, comfrey and other herbs are my choices for my fruit tree guilds at this time. As the trees grow, I'll start coaxing them with other plantings to benefit both me and the environment. In the evolution of a land- scape, the "principle of suc- cession" dictates that a piece of ground, given sufficient rainfall, will naturally make its way toward a forest-like state. Working with this in- clination I'll begin to expand my fruit tree guilds into this food forest. This not only takes advantage of a natural inclination, but results in less work for me. To explain further, a simple forest garden contains a layer of trees on the top, a middle layer of shrubs, and a lower layer of vegetables, herbs and flowers. This diversity also minimizes pests, attracts beneficial insects, provides habitat for humans and birds and provides beauty. Trees are wonderful solar collectors, converting the sun into energy that produces fruit. Reaching with their roots into soil they bring nutrients and water up from the earth. At the same time, they produce leaves that eventually enrich the soil and prevent erosion. As my guilds evolve into a food forest I am planting berry bushes, sunflowers, grapes, squash, chamomile, potatoes, chard and some other annuals as my whimsy and appetite dictate. I'll also plant some native species. The rhythm of a permacul- ture food forest is different than that of an annual gar- den. Instead of starting and finishing within a growing season, a food forest matures over years -- sometimes decades. At first, when the new trees are planted, ground level plants and shrubs will be the stars, providing both food, insect havens and compost. Many annuals and perennial vegetables can be planted and harvested during this time, in these sunny spaces. In sev- eral years berries will begin to give their bounty. During the next years -- as the trees grow larger-- the ground crops will diminish, when the shrubs, vines and fruit come into their own. As the forest becomes shadier, vegetables and herbs can be transplanted or reintroduced to the sunnier edges of the garden. For those who wish more information on forest gardens the most defmitive resource is "Edible Forest Gardens" by Jacke and Toensmeier. This two-volume set explores both the theory and practice in temperate climates. For a more brief survey, locate a copy of"Gaia's Garden" by Toby Hemenway. These' gardens will reward the gardener with years of fascination and bountiful harvests. In mimicking and coaxing nature we can have a beautiful, ever-changing bounty for many years. (:h:)c' ; o];, 00imism: -- it c ' an add ) Je:00 to your life For example, if you are a learned. Pessimists often however. Resea:eh has shown react by building existential children's self-esteem by pessimist in the sense that think they (or their usual bad optimistic breast cancer pa- resources -- for example, by avoiding criticism and when bad things happen you luck) are responsible for the tients have better outcomes looking for something good to praising accomplishments :;iil think they are going to last bad things that happen to than pessimistic patients, and come out of the situation or encourage a lifelong can-do forever and undermine every- them. They think one bad one study found optimists were using the event to grow as a attitude. thing you do, then you are thing happening means more significantly healthier than person in a positive way. Researchers recommend HERE'S TO about eight times as likely to are on the way -- after all, the pessimists throughout life. Optimists focus on the following to increase Your HEALTH AURA WHITTAKER How you view difficult life events could affect your health either positively or negatively. If you have more pessimistic thoughts than positive ones, you are putting yourself at risk for a host of health issues. Optimism is the belief that good things will happen to you and that negative events are temporary setbacks to be overcome. get depressed, you are less likely to succeed at work, your personal relationships are more likely to suffer, and you are likely to have a shorter and more illness-filled life. In one study, adults shown to be pessimists based on psycho- logical tests had higher death rates over a 30-year period than those who were more optimistic. This would be awful news if there were no way out of being pessimistic, but thank- fully, under the right circum- stances, optimism can be world is against them. Optimists, in contrast, see negative events as being external and unrelated to them. Isolated negative inci- dents have no relationship to other aspects of their lives or things that might happen in the future. They choose to see negative events as surprise circumstances that usually, in retrospect, have a gift hidden inside. You can decide which attitude to have and who you would rather be. There's a fine line between optimism and false hope, According to Suzanne C. Segerstrom, author and pro- fessor of psychology at the University of Kentucky, opti- mism is not about being posi- tive so much as it is about be- ing motivated and persistent. Segerstrom found that rather than giving up and walking away from difficult situations, optimists attack problems head-on. They plan a course of action, getting ad- vice from others and staying focused on solutions. When faced with uncontrollable stressors, optimists tend to strengths, successes and all that's good about life. Regardless of what's going on in the rest of the world, be grateful for what you have-- if you have access to the Internet you have a better standard of living than millions of others. Research has indicated a propensity toward optimism is strongly influenced by genes, most likely ones that govern neurotransmitters in the brain. The way someone is raised undoubtedly plays a role, too. Parents who bolster optimism: Take a few minutes at the end of each day to write down three positive things that happened that day, thus end- ing the day on an upbeat note. Avoid negative serf-talk. In- stead of focusing on prospects of failure, dwell on the posi- tive aspects of a situation. Surround yourself with positive, upbeat people, but be aware that if you are chroni- cally negative and always see only the dark side of things, the optimists in your life may eventually give up on you. Sudoku Puzzle #2555-D 3 1 2 3 2 4 6 7 1 3 5 4 9 9 2 5 8 4 5 Difficult 7 8 2 4 6 5 3 1 7 Sudoku Solution #2550-D 182539467 594672831 763418529 947361285 631 285794 82579461 3 41 6927358 2798531 46 3581 46972 please: ...... : !  ::  : : :': : ' :: :::' : : .... :/::: !) i; =;:?L,;:i;!::::::::'::i::.:: :;::::;;ti;::':!  ::::::::::::::::::::: ::i .:;:::i!::::: ACROSS 1. 5. 9. 13. 14. Lock Openers m m 13 16 ip :o 5  7 14 Stick in one's __ Gift tag word Magi guide Sexologist Shere Contraption cartoonist Goldberg River to the Seine Rapper with a cool- sounding name Actor Ken or Lena "Waste not, want not," e.g. Student's lock opener Sort Social insect Prickly plants Unselfish one's quality 31. "Go, team!" 32. Neptune's domain s-.f---- 33. Tighten, in a way 35. Nave neighbor 39. Thief's lock opener 43. Actor Morales 44. Metro entrance 45. Houston of Texas 46. Prefix with color or corn 49. Heel style 51. Straw in the wind 55. Zilch 56. Send packing 57. Super's lock opener 63. Use a finger bowl 65. Slightly, in music 66. Peruvian of yore 67. i.e., for long 68. Something to click on 69. Cozy corner 70. Patched up 71. Gangland summit figures 72. Predators of mice !3 !4 ?6 27 28 29 30 32 3 4 ,3 14 I 16 7 8 49 51 52 53 54 56 i7 58 i9 ! w ;... m American Profile Hometow n Content DOWN 1. All the rage 2. Role for Edward G. 3. "Up and !" 4. Home mixologist's spot 5. Crockett's milieu 6. Actress Lenska 7. Postmortem bio 8. "Black" (1997 sci-fi flick) 9. In a blue funk 10. __ mix (gorp) 11. Every conniver has one 12. Needs a bath badly 15. Devil ray 20. Accustom to hardship 21. Anthem contraction I 22 m i Z5 25. Asian cuisine 26. Tennis's Arthur Stadium 27. Rural tracts 28. Author Janowitz 29. Boarding pts. 30. Diner freebies 34. Cut and paste 36. "Hey, over here!" 37. County center 38. "Blondie" tyke 40. Yogi had a hand in it 41. Former 1600 Pennsylvania Avenue family 42. Sun: Prefix 47. Alley-clearing button 48. Rorschach test stuff 50. Cause of extreme weather 51. Helen of Tray's abductor 52. Nitrous (laughing gas) 53. Extend, in a way 54. Not very hot 58. Plumb crazy 59. MBA subj. 60. Have down pat 61. Earth Day subj. 62. Wags one's tongue 64. W-2 ID " "0000sStudlor I'Ve Fine Art00,00Photography Services00,00-Audio/Video 3215 Hill Crest Dr. Lake Almanor, Call for Appointment $ 30-596-4166 Pam@TrebesStudios,com OPEN STUDIO Saturday July 21st. 10-4 Guest Artists: Heather Greene Upton Becky Compton Gerri AIlen $10.00 tickets available on site. All tickets sales purchase art supplies for our local schools.