Newspaper Archive of
Feather River Bulletin
Quincy, California
November 4, 2015     Feather River Bulletin
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November 4, 2015

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4B Wednesday, Nov. 4, 2015 Bulletin, Record, Progressive, Reporter your family would enjoy... www.readingclubfuncom earnn0 ' (Eastern Band) Did you know that archaeologists think the first people to live in North America were the Paleo-lndians? At the end of the last Ice Age (around 12,000 years ago) these people moved from Asia into North America on a land bridge that existed then. It is believed that they lived in small family groups and moved constantly to hunt animals like the mastodon (an elephant-like animal that is now extinct) and to gather foods like berries and luts. Arrowheads for spears and other tools mark places where they lived. In the Archaic period (8,000 to 1,000 BCE), families had homes with wooden poles covered with hides, which could be moved. In the spring they would move to the river valleys to fish and collect shellfish. In the fall they would move to the forest to hunt deer or turkey and gather nuts and berries. Archaeologists have studied tools, soapstone bowls, burial grounds and pottery to understand these people's ways. In a more recent period, Woodland Indians, people are thought to have had villages as well as seasonal camps. Corn, a key part of the Indian diet, was introduced. The first evidence for the bow and arrow were found. It is believed that people were trading: salt, beads, shells, fish, pottery and animal skins. During the next period, Mississippian Indians, settlements became more permanent. Squash, corn and beans, known as the Three Sisters, were important and foods from hunting and gathering were now added to the foods harvested from gardens. Beautiful jewelry and pottery were created too. After 1650, when Europeans arrived, there were years of both peace and fighting. In 1836, the U.S. Senate accepted a treaty signed by a small group of Cherokee to sell their land and the Cherokee were forced to leave the east to be resettled in Oklahoma. They were expected to walk 1,000 miles to get there! On this hard walk, now called the "Trail of Tears," an estimated 4,000-8,000 people died. Some Cherokee refused to move and hid in the mountains. Many ,,of their descendants now live on Qualla Boundary, a preserve. About 13,000 Cherokee Indians live in North Carolina, mostly on tribal land. The town of Cherokee is in the Great Smoky Mountains. Find the 14 words or phrases in bold print in Forest's story. Fit them into the crossword. Free Stuff E I =:~ Come to print out puzzles: Native Americans Named That, I Native American Words & Don't Be Afraid...@ www.readingclubfun.comI Sequoyah Invents a Cherokee Alphabet Sequoyah was a yourig Cherokee who learned how to work with silver. He wanted to sign his work like the European silversmiths did, so he visited Chief Charles Hicks, who could write in English. After Sequoyah learned to write his name using the alphabet, he began to think about creating a writing system for the Cherokee language. With it, they would be able to read and write letters, write down stories and record their history. He created a system where each sound was represented by a symbol, so each letter was a syllable of a word. His system was easy to use and many Cherokee learned to read and write using it. ..... o.j r Sequoyah liked papers and books since they could be used to exchange ideas Follow the color key to see what he called them: B = Brown G = Green O Orange R = Red Y = Yellow Arts and Crafts The Cherokee people create many beautiful arts andcrafts that have @ been taught from generation to generation. Match the art or craft to what may be used to create it: .J A. woven from river cane, white oak or honeysuckle __= .m B. carved from maple, cherry, butternut ._E C. formed from clay, fired in pits of wood fires D. made of glass, used on clothing and for jewelry E. traditionally made from tree bark, gourd or animal fur E may be made of buffalo fur, mulberry bark, some beads G. carved from soapstone, pipestone L?. (a clay stone used for making pipes) I H. may be made with stone, silver, beads I. made from cornshucks, cloth I 1. pottery 2. beadwork 3. doll 4. baskets 5. wooden items 6. belt made by finger weaving 7. masks 8. stone artwork 9. jewelry This Week the Fun Page is Sponsored by: 1953 E. Main St., Quincy (Next to Sav-Mor) 530-283-4463 Jesus loves you! The Bible and American Presidents ?; In regard for this Great Book, I have this to say, it is the best gift God has given to man. ALL THE GOOD THE SAVIOR GAVE TO THE WORLD WAS COMMUNICATED THROUGH THIS BOOK. Abraham Lincoln, 16th President !