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Feather River Bulletin
Quincy, California
November 12, 2014     Feather River Bulletin
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November 12, 2014

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Bulletin, Record, Progressive, Reporter Wednesday, Nov. 12, 2014 9B Sam Williams Managing Editor Charles Watson, the Chester geologist who submits the Earthquake Report that frequently appears in Feather Publishing newspapers, becomes curious every time the ground beneath our feet begins to shake, rattle and roll. So it's not surprising the recent seismic activity in Northwestern Nevada near the Nevada, California and Oregon border that increased in intensity last week has attracted Watson's attention, and he plans to visit the area to conduct his own investigation and gather his own observations. Is the "big one" coming? Watson said no one knows, and he completely disagrees with those who claim they can predict earthquakes based on the phases of the moon, the tides or even "earthquake weather." Despite those claims, he said scientists cannot predict when and where an earthquake may strike. He chuckled and said, "Sometimes people say an earthquake is coming because it 'feels like earthquake weather,' and sure enough, sometimes there's an earthquake." But according to a press release on the earthquake swarm from the University of Nevada, scientists in the Silver State share Watson's It might appear to be a just damp dirt and a pile of fallen rocks to most of us, but Chester geologist Charles Watson pays a special visit to the shore of Lake Almanor to observe, study and record the effects of the May 2013 magnitude-5.7 earthquake that shook Northeastern California. Photo by Sam Williams opinion regarding the added, we live in California, the chance for a large didn't it?" Watson said of the impossibility of earthquake and California is earthquake earthquake is probably fair, earthquake swarm about 40 forecasting, country, but you never know about miles northeast of Cedarville. At this point, Watson said "There are a number of earthquakes. When it wants to "I haven't counted them (the there's no cause for alarm, and faults in the area, and it looks go, it goes." number of earthquakes in the local residents probably aren't like it's had a fairly tectonic Still, Watson, as always, area), but it's kind of ratcheted in any danger from the past -- in the not-so-distant finds the activity interesting, up a little bit. It appears to be earthquake swarm. But, he past, too," Watson said. "So "It kind of took offlast week, due to hydrothermal activity." He said the increase in seismic activity might be due to highly heated water being pushed under pressure through a crack in the earth, but he's going to have to visit the region and see for himself before he makes up his mind about what's going on up there. "I'm going to be up in that area this week, and I'm going to have a couple of In'st-hand reports," Watson said. "This has been going on for almost 10 weeks. At fu'st it seemed kind of harmless ... but this last week it really took off. I hope it's not building. I hope it's going to go away." Despite his opinion the earthquake swarm will not affect local residents, Watson said the faults in the Northwestern Nevada region do have the potential to shake loose a very large quake -- very large meaning mid-6 and maybe even upper 6 on the Richter scale -- an event that certainly would be felt in Lassen and Plumas counties and perhaps even as far away as Sacramento.. Watson plans to report his findings in the Earthquake Report after he visits the area and conducts his own investigation. "It will probably be the topic of conversation in my next Earthquake Report," Watson said. "I want to do some fact finding, do some research and conduct some flu'st-hand interviews." So just hang on and keep reading. Supplements may contain dangerous hidden ingredients 2 Research published in The Journal of the American Medical Association has confirmed what has long been hinted at -- that there are a shocking number of supposedly all-natural dietary supplemen~ ,~ ,,~ C-FORCE HEALTH AND FITNESS thgthave been spiked with hidden and potentially dangerous drugs and that these supplements have remained available years after being identified and marked for product recall. Among the unlisted pharmaceuticals the researchers discovered in supplements available for purchase were hidden steroids, ingredients akin to Viagra and Prozac, and a weight-loss drug linked with heart attacks. The research is the latest to raise questions about the adequacy of the Food and Drug Administration's oversight of the $30 billion supplement industry. Unlike prescription drugs, dietary supplements don't require FDA approval before they are marketed. Regardless, labels must list all ingredients, and manufacturers are not allowed to sell products that are "adulterated or misbranded," according to the agency's website. The JAMA report calls for more aggressive enforcement by the FDA, as well as increases in the agency's powers, in order to prevent supposedly all-natural dietary supplements spiked with pharmaceuticals from being marketed to consumers. In the meantime, "consumers need to avoid the categories of supplements that these drugs are found in: weight-loss, sports supplements and sexual enhancement supplements," noted Pieter Cohen, an assistant professor at Harvard Medical School and one of the authors of the study. For more on this situation, check out USA Today's ongoing investigative series on supplement aJpuses, "Supplement Shell Game." In a world of supplements, it is truly a "let the buyer beware" environment. The problem extends beyond these recent findings and the above-mentioned categories. In a 2013 study conducted CHU(K NORRIS ' by researchers with the Kaiser Permanente Center for Health Research, the amount of vitamin D found in pills ranged from 9 to 146 percent of the amounts listed on the labels. According to the U.S. Pharmacopeial Convention, an independent organization that sets standards for dietary supplements, pills should contain between 90 and 120 percent of the dose stated on the label. USP certifies supplements for. companies that allow their products to be tested, a measure consumers can rely on to ensure product safety. "There are not many manufacturers that have the USP mark, but it may be worth the extra effort to look for it," noted Dr. Erin LeBlanc, the lead author of the study. Another company It is a good thing. Yet that certifies supplements is experts warn that when it NSF International. comes to vitamin D In Cohen's study, a supplements, more is not number of dietary necessarily better. supplements contained high For decades, experts have amounts of caffeine, even recommended high-dose though caffeine was not calcium supplements to listed on the label, prevent diseases such as As noted, the FDA can osteoporosis. Vitamin D is reprimand companies if often prescribed as a their products do not meet companion pill. Researchers requirements. Cohen's believe that without research suggests that even adequate vitamin D to help the minimal laws that do absorb it, the extra calcium exist aren't being followed settles in the arteries or uniformly enforced, instead of in the bones. But Vitamin D, the subject of research has also found that the Kaiser Permanente when vitamin D study, works in tandem supplementation is with calcium to fortify your excessive, it can trigger bones, and research shows extra calcium absorption. that it improves asthma and Excess calcium can cause depression. Vitamin D also muscle pain, mood is said to strengthen the disorders, abdominal pain immune system, and kidney stones, says Dr. Melissa Young of the Cleveland Clinic's Center for Integrative Medicine. Young recommends trying to get your calcium and vitamin D from food. "The body absorbs and utilizes calcium better from that widespread changes in farming practices are resulting in lower nutrient content in our fruits and vegetables. "Many people still benefit from having their nutrient levels assessed and taking a food than from high-quality daily supplements,' she says. '~ ~22 'i mulfivi~ami~ays Young: Amongthe best sources of When choosing dietary calcium is fat-free suppIements and levels that organic Greek yogurt. It are right for you, seek gives you 450 milligrams of expert clinical help calcium per serving, plus whenever possible, and vitamin D and protein. Two always check the label for servings fulfill your calcium product certifmation you needs for a full day, says can trust. Young. Other sources of calcium include leafy greens Write to Chuck Norris such as spinach and kale, ( with legumes and sardines, questions a bout health and Though it's important to fitness. get as many vitamins and minerals as you can from Copyright 2014 Chuck Norris your food, Young believes Distributed by I would like to express my sincere thanks to the people who gave me their vote of confidence on November 4th. Thank you to the supporters, volunteers and donors who helped with my campaign, i am very grateful for the overwhelming support and I look forward to working on my priorities: Putting students first, provide the highest quality education for students, work with all Plumas County communities, students, parents, employees and unions to guide Plumas Unified School District through these challenging times. I pledge to you that I will do my best on your behalf and devote the time and energy that the communities, students, teachers, and staff deserve. I l 7