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Feather River Bulletin
Quincy, California
November 14, 2001     Feather River Bulletin
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November 14, 2001

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4$G Wednesday, Nov. 14, 2001 A World for Kids Bulletin, Thanksgiving is one of the ~ ~ ~ Amerlcam most American holidays there is, ranking up there Although most historians with the Fourth of July. But, view the pilgrims in New believe it or not, the holiday England (named Puritans be- is much older than Americacause they came to this coun- itself, try seeking religious free- The practice of holding dom, a life of"pure" devotion thanksgiving feasts actually to God) as the creators of our dates back many centuries to Thanksgiving, the first the harvest festivals of Eu- Thanksgiving observance in rope. These feasts and par- America was actually held on ties were held sometimes for Dec. 4, 1619, when a group of several days, and celebrated 38 English settlers arrived at the bringing in of a good har- what they would call vest and having plenty of Jamestown, on the James food for the winter. Having River near what is now food for the winter was very Charles City, Va. The group's important, because they did charter from England re- not have grocery stores quired that the colonists eel- where they could buy food. If ebrate the anniversary of they didn't have food stored, their arrival as a day of they starved, and many died. thanksgiving to God. It was One of Thanksgiving's im- very much the same serious portant predecessors was affair as the Puritans' held in the British Isles. It thanksgiving days--praying was called Lammas Day (Loaf and fasting. Mass Day), and it was held Nowadays, we call the Pu- Aug. 1, to celebrate a good ritans' first harvest festival, wheat harvest. If the wheat held in 1621, the first year crop was disappointing, the they lived in the Plymouth holiday was usually can- Colony, which they created celed, in what is now the state of Many of the images wenow Massachusetts, the first associate with Thanksgiving American Thanksgiving. actually come from these old- Our Thanksgiving is actu- er traditions of celebrating ally the combination of two the autumn harvest. For ex- Puritan traditions: harvest ample, the cornucopia (a festivals full of food and par- horn-shaped basket overflow- ties to celebrate a good year ing with fruits and vegeta- of crops and religious days of bles) is a typical symbol of thanksgiving, when the Puri- Thanksgtvi, klg ttes prayed and f a,sted (didl ' t those ancient festivals, eat all day). The Puritans held harvest festivals in the fall and only if U ick I)le and crafty r decoratio ns Plnecone Turkeys These turkeys won't get you down! They're easy to make and fun, too! Try putting them at each place setting at your table on Thanksgiving. You might need help from an adult on these. What You 1 Plump pinecone (round- shaped ones about 1-1/2 to 2 inches in diameter) I red bumpy chenille pipe cleaner I orange bumpy chenille pipe cleaner 5 other colors of bumpy che- ntUe pipe cleaners Glue (craft, wood, or all-pur- pose that dries clear) Wire cutter How To Make It Make sure each pine cone is thoroughly dry. Using wire cutters, cut in the center of each place where the wire narrows down between bumps on your pipe cleaner--you want the bumps whole and fluffy. Take one red bump and shape into an "S.'"Glue this to the rounded end of the cone with the bump sticking up above the cone for the head of the turkey. Take one orange bump and shape into a "V."Glue this under the bottom of the round part of the cone for the legs and feet. The feet can be shaped later. Toes can even be added. Take five to seven other bumps and carefully bend them so the narrow ends can be twisted together, leaving the puffy end somewhat rounded. Glue as many of these as nicely fits close to the flatter-stemmed end of the pinecone, remembering to use glue only on the twist- ed end of the chenille wire. Let dry and then adjust shape of chenille wires to make your turkey look more realistic. Tip: If you would like to use these as napkin rings, cut the orange chenille wire (used for the feet) longer and make it into a circle instead of a "V." Glue on the bottom of turkey. This project was created by Patricla Lundgren. To see it and other projects like it, go to: . Hey, kids! Got a book review, editorial, or arti- cle you'd like to submit to our kid's page? Here's when it's due-- absolutely, positively fi- nal! Notice our dates Dec. 5 for Christmas/ Hanukkah, New Year's Eve Jan. 2 for Chinese New Year issue HAPPY THANKSGIVING! jI I' U INCY ~ 1875 493 W. Main St. _ Quincy 283-0480 ::~i:*~:: ,," j:i:-:i: .,:.:.. x:: - "k,N~, -< .....~>. the crop they harvested was plentiful. They only ob- served thanksgiving days in times of crisis or immediate- ly after something bad had happened, to give thanks for making it through. The first winter the pil- grims spent in Massachu- : setts had killed about half :' the members of the colony. But the sum- mer of / ........ , 1621 : .-=.:~, brought new hope. The set- tlers expected a good corn harvest, despite poor crops of peas, wheat, and barley. In Foods the pilgrims had at Thanksgiving: FISH: cod, bass, herring, shad, bluefish, eel. SEAFOOD: clams, lob- sters, mussels, and some oysters BIRDS: wild turkey, goose, duck,,crane, swan, partridge, other water- fowl; occasionally eagles RED MEAT: venison (deer), possibly salt pork/chicken. GRAIN: wheat flour, In- dian corn and meal; bar- ley FRUITS: raspberries, strawberries, grapes, plums, cherries, blueber- ries, gooseberries (dried). VEGETABLES: peas, squashes (including pumpkins), beans NUTS: walnuts, chest- nuts, acorns, hickory nuts, ground nuts HERBS and SEASON- INGS: onions, leeks, strawberry leaves, cur- rants, sorrel, yarrow, carvel, brooklime, liver- wort, watercress, and flax; from English seeds: radishes, lettuce, car- rots, onions, and cab- bage. May have had olive oil in small quantities. OTHER: maple syrup, honey; small quantities of butter, Holland cheese, eggs. Foods pilgrims didn't have: Ham (the pilgrims most likely did not have pigs) Sweet potatoes-potatoes- yams. (These had not yet been introduced to New England). Corn on the cob. (Indian corn was only good for making cornmeal). Popcorn. (popcorn was not introduced yet. Indi- an corn could only be half-popped, and this wouldn't have tasted very good.) Cranberry sauce. (had cranberries, but no sug- ar). Pumpkin pie: (They probably made pumpkin pudding, but there would be no crust or whipped topping.) early autumn, Governor William Bradford arranged a harvest festival to give thanks for the progress the colony had made. The festival lasted three days. The women of the set- tlement cooked the meal over outdoor fires. Everyone ate outdoors ar large ta- bles and enjoyed games and a military review. The Pilgrims invited some Native Ameri- "~.. / .... can .-~Zf " guests. Massasoit and other members of the Wampanoag tribe. About 90 Indians at- tended the festival. They brought five deer to add to the feast. The native people of Amer- ica helped the pilgrims by giving them food and other supplies and by teaching them how to plant and har- vest the foods that grew here. The pilgrims~ were very friendly with the Indians. as were tt~e Indians to the new- comers. The3 made a peace agreement that lasted 54 years. In the agreement, both sides said they would not attack each other, and, they would help each other ff either one got attacked. U.S.. President George Washington proclaimed a day of thanksgiving in 1789 in honor of the ratification (it was made into law) of the Constitution of the United States. In 1817 New York State adopted Thanksgiving Day as an annual custom, and many other states soon did the same. Most of the state cel- ebrations were held in No- vember, but not always on the same day. In the mid-19th century Sarah Josepha Hale, editor of Godey's Ladies' Book, led a movement to estab- lish Thanksgiving as a na- tional holiday. However, it did not become an official holiday until 1863, during the American Civil War (1861-1865). President Abra- ham Lincoln proclaimed the last Thursday in November Thanksgiving Day in order to bolster the Union Army's morale. After the war, Congress es- tablished Thanksgiving as a national holiday, but it only caught on gradually. Many Southerners saw the new hol- iday as an attempt to force Northern customs on them. However, in the late 19th century. Thanksgiving's em- phasis on home and family appealed to many people throughout the United States, Fowl Facts Turkey is the traditional dish for the Thanksgiving feast. In the ! turkeys are sold for the Thanksgiving tion for the use of turkey. They just happened to be the most I the time of the pilgrims' feast in 1621, starting thetradition. ;slor me reabp for l)ang git ing! 0 I} and the holiday popular. The custom of football games on ing Day also the early 20th ball became verY] the 1920s and many people ing the holiday stadium. Teams tional Football eventually noon every year. vision became ple began home, too. In 1939, Roosevelt the day of the last Thursday ber to owners had dent to make the low for an ping between and Christmas. Many like this ued to ceh ing on the last the month. nents named the iday In May 1941, "mitted that he mistake and established day of November tional which Information for from Brent Lanford at > and from . about reason or A MAKE A CHILD THANKFUL Share your abundance by providing a loving foster home for a child. 283-3330 License #320316037 Environmental Alternatives Plumas Rural "dedicated to im quality of life residents and