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December 24, 2014     Feather River Bulletin
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Bulletin, Record, Progressive, Reporter Wednesday, Dec. 24, 2014 11B EI ars (530) 283-9900 www.moons-restaurant.com ! Two climate scientists from the University of Minnesota and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution have shown that the California drought of 2012-14 has been the worst in 1,200 years. Daniel Griffin, an assistant professor in the Department of Geography, Environment and Society at the University of Minnesota, and Kevin Anchukaitis, an assistant scientist at Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, asked the question, "How unusual is the ongoing California drought?" Watching the severity of the California drought intensify since last autumn, they wondered how it would eventually compare to other extreme droughts throughout the state's history• To answer those questions, Griffin and Anchukaitis collected new tree-ring samples~ from blue oak trees in southern and central California. "California's old blue oaks are as close to nature's rain gauges as we get," says Griffin. "They thrive in some of California's driest environments." These trees are particularly sensitive to moisture changes and their tree rings display moisture fluctuation~ vividly. Tree ring~ are a valuable data source when tracking historical climate; weather and natural disaster trends. Floods, fires, drought and other elements that can affect growing conditions are reflected in the development of tree rings, and because each ring represents one year the samples collected from centuries-old trees are a virtual timeline that extend beyond the historical record in North America• The study As soon as the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration re,eased .clim~/te"data f0~:gh~l~/~~ ~.{Ji~: the two scientiStS : sprang into action. Using their blue oak data, they reconstructed rainfall back to the 13th century. They also calculated the severity of the drought by combining NOAA's estimates of the Palmer Drought Severity Index, an index of soil moisturevariability, with the existing North American Drought Atlas, a spatial tree-ring-based reconstruction of drought developed by scientists at Columbia University's Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory. These resources together provided complementary data on rainfall and soil moisture over the past millennium• Griffin and Anchukaitis found that while the current period of low precipitation is not unusual in California's The 2012-14 California drought, unusual in the context of greatly diminished water reserves in Lake Nacimiento of by Daniel Griffin history, these rainfall deficits combined with sustained record high temperatures created the current multiyear severe water shortages. "While it is precipitation that sets the rhythm of California drought, temperature weighs in on the pitch," says Anchukaitis. Results~ .,, .................... those ,~,, ~We were genuinely surprised at the result," says Griffin, a NOAA Climate & Global Change Fellow and former Woods Hole Oceanographic Institute postdoctoral scholar. "This is California -- drought happens• Time and again, the most common result in tree-ring studies is that drought episodes in the past were more extreme than those of more recent eras. This time, however, the result was different." While there is good evidence of past sustained, multi-decadal droughts or so-called "megadroughts" in California, the authors say past episode~:~,eE~ ~ probably punctuated by occasional wet years, even if the cumulative effect over decades wa~ one of overall drying. The current short-term drought appears to be worse than any previous span of consecutive years of drought COMING SOON TO YOUR TOWN HALL THEATRE The Town Hall Theatre Says Farewell to Film! With the digital installation scheduled for the first week of the new year the Town Hall Theatre is entering its final days of screening films on their two-projector change over system. "The digital conversion is a bittersweet change," Valladao adds. "We may still show movies on film, but they will be spooled on a single projector with an intermission if we do. We are very excited for what the future will bring, but it is also with sadness that ~ve will archive our vintage system." HUNGER GAMES: MOCKING JAY, PART 1 plays Friday to Monday, December 26th to 29th. Movie show times are Friday. to Sunday at 7pm With a 4pm Matinee on Sunday. The worldwide phenomenon of The Hunger Games continues to set the world on fire with The Hunger Games: Mockingjay, Part 1, which finds Katniss Everdeen (Jennifer Lawrence) in District 13 after she literally shatters the games forever. Under the leadership of President Coin (Julianne Moore) and the advice of her trusted friends, Katniss spreads her wings as she fights to save Peeta (Josh Hutcherson) and a nation moved by her courage. The all star cast also includes: Liam Hemsworth, Woody Harrelson, Elizabeth Banks, Philip Seymour Hoffman, Jeffrey Wright, Sam Claflin, Jena Malone, Stanley Tucci, and Donald Sutherland. The Hunger Games: Mockingjay, Part 1 is directed by Fl'ancis Lawrence from a screenplay by Danny Strong and Peter Craig. The novel on which the film is based is the third in a trilogy written by Suzanne Collins that has over 65 million copies in print in the U.S. alone. • This 123 minute Action, SciFi Adventure film is Rated: PG-13 for sequences of violence and action, some disturbing images and thematic material. intense The January 2nd to 5th movie will be the last that the Town Hall Theatre screens in the old way, so management wanted todo something special to make those last days an occasion to remember. "I had been trying to get a print of The Princess Bride several times over the last couple of years and the dates never worked," explains Roxanne Valladao who books films for the theatre. "Having it all fall into place for this final run of film made is seem all the more special. This way we can all make our goodbyes as see one of the most fun films classic cult films once again on the big screen." Digital conversion and training is scheduled for Jan 6th to the 8th. If all goes as planned the Town Hall Theatre will be screening their first digital film on January 9th or soon thereafter. Stayed tuned for coming attractions by becoming a Friend of the Town Hall Theatre Facebook page or on the quincytownhall.com website. TOUJX L'I-o'- ................. il |1 Students/Seni0rs .......... S7 I| Children ' .. s6 ] ! Ic "''''''''''''''' . THEATRE 283-1140 469 Main St., Quincy, CA Visit us at www.quincytownhall.com the world's eighth largest were published recently in economy and the source of a Geophysical Research substantial amount of U.S. Letters in the article agricultural produce. "How unusual is the Surface water supply 20i2-2014 California shortages here have impacts Drought?" well beyond the state's borders• The Woods Hole Oomnographic With an exceptionally Institution is a private, nonprofit wet winter, parts of organ/za tion on Cape Cod, California might emerge Massachusetts, dedicated to from the drought this year. marinerescarch, engineering "But there isno doubt," and higher education. cautions Anchukaitis, Established in 1930 on a "that we are entering a new recommendation from the era where human-wrought National Academy of Scienees, changes to the climate its primary mission is to system will become understand the ocean and its important for determining interaction with the Earth as a the severity of droughts whole, and to communicate a and their consequences basic understanding of the for coupled human ocean's role in the changing and natural systems." global environment. For more The results of the study information visit whoi.edu. the last 1,200 years, results in the upper Salinas Valley. Photo without reprieve. Implications So what are the implications? The research indicates that natural climate system variability is compounded by human-caused climate change and that "hot" droughts such as the current one are likely to occur again l Wednesday, Dec 31 st ..o qu'o o o o .D Prime Rib or Shrimp Scampi Dinner Call for Reservations & Dinner/Theatre "1 DO! I DO!" Packages The Restaurant ... ... somewhere in Quincy in the futur,e.,,~gYffprnia..is ..... .~ ~,. ~. ........................ Quincy Elks 1 st Party: New York New Year's Eve Dinner & Celebration *25 per Person. 6:00pm - Hors d'oeuvres and Host Bar 7:00pm - Dinner of Prime Rib or Cornish Game Hen. 9:0Opm - Celebrate New Year's Eve (New York Time) Champagne and Party Favors. 2nd Party: FREE Celebrate with "DJ Outlaw" for Dancing and more celebrating. 9:00pm 2:00am - Doors Open to All 12:00pm - Champagne toast to celebrate New Year's Eve (West Coast Time). !